Aretaeio Hospital offers the full spectrum of Nephrology services, from diagnosis to treatment. Patients can be evaluated and investigated for hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, cardio-renal failure, hepato-renal failure, kidney stones, glomerulonephritis (with kidney biopsy where indicated), abnormalities of the urinary system and other ailments. Patients are treated with the appropriate drug therapy but also with specialised procedures such as plasmapheresis. Patients with acute kidney failure can be treated with the different modalities of renal replacement therapy (haemodialysis, continuous haemofiltration, peritoneal dialysis), on both the Intensive Therapy Unit as well as the Medical Ward